We often tend to think that healthcare has improved to the point where the risks involved are minor.
But patient safety is a serious global public health concern. There is a 1 in a million chance of a person being harmed while traveling by plane. In comparison, there is a 1 in 300 chance of a patient being harmed during health care. Industries with a perceived higher risk such as the aviation and nuclear industries have a much better safety record than health care.
It is estimated that there are 421 million hospitalizations in the world annually, and approximately 42.7 million adverse events occur in patients during these hospitalizations. Using conservative estimates, the latest data shows that patient harm is the 14th leading cause of morbidity and mortality across the world. Of course, some of the hospitalizations are to prevent a potential cause of death, and without them, the mortality rate would be much higher.
Estimates show that in high-income countries (HIC) as many as 1 in 10 patients is harmed while receiving hospital care. The harm can be caused by a range of incidents or adverse events, with nearly 50% of them being preventable. In a study on frequency and preventability of adverse events across 26 low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), the rate of adverse events was around 8%, of which 83% could have been prevented and 30% led to death. Approximately two-thirds of all adverse events occur in LMICs.
The medical use of ionizing radiation is the largest single contributor to population exposure to radiation from artificial sources. Worldwide, there are over 3.6 billion x-ray examinations performed every year, with around 10% of them occurring in children. Additionally, there are over 37 million nuclear medicine and 7.5 million radiotherapy procedures conducted annually. Inappropriate or unskilled use of medical radiation can lead to health hazards both for patients and healthcare professionals.
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The Global Celebration Brain Awareness Week is launched by the DANA foundation nearly 20 years ago. It is annual celebration observed in the third week of March. The purpose of this campaign is to develop and enhance public interest in knowing about brain research, benefits and, progress in research. The campaign aims to make the brain research and information more public. To make people aware of brain diseases like Alzheimer’s, Stroke, Parkinson’s, anxiety, neurological disorders and many more, their symptoms, preventions and treatment methods.
This is my experience with the supplement, melatonin.
First of, an explanation of what melatonin is. I copied an article of WebMD.com and you can find the full article here: https://www.webmd.com/sleep-disorders/tc/melatonin-overview#1
“Melatonin is a hormone made by the pineal gland, a small gland in the brain. Melatonin helps control your sleep and wake cycles. Very small amounts of it are found in foods such as meats, grains, fruits, and vegetables. But, you can also buy it as a supplement.
Your body has its own internal clock that controls your natural cycle of sleeping and waking hours. In part, your body clock controls how much melatonin your body makes. Normally, melatonin levels begin to rise in the mid- to late evening, remain high for most of the night, and then drop in the early morning hours.
Light affects how much melatonin your body produces. During the shorter days of the winter months, your body may produce melatonin either earlier or later in the day than usual”
Since both I and my partner were struggling to fall asleep, we decided to try melatonin supplements. We bought a box of around 500 melatonin pills and the suggested dose was 3 pills of 290µg each, so around 0.9mg. It was also adviced, to take the pills 30 minutes before we would try to fall asleep.
So, we did just that. Falling asleep went a little better than normal, but I weigh that down to placebo in my case. The night itself wasn’t much different than any other. Sleeping until a little too early in the morning and then I’d wake up. I was extremely tired. It felt like I had a rough day yesterday, and then only slept for a couple of hours. My partner, on the other hand, said she felt better.
We decided to take the pills again the next day with the same results respectively.
I didn’t take the pills for the next couple of days and slowly recovered my energy. My partner has taken them ever since and continues to enjoy their effects. I tried them again a couple weeks later but had the exact same results. I was extremely tired the following days and it felt like I didn’t sleep at all.
I’m no scientist in any way shape or form, but it felt like the melatonin would screw up my sleeping pattern and put my brain in a state of awakening when I was actually supposed to sleep and vice versa. I don’t know if this is at all possible, but that’s my experience with the supplement.
I am convinced, however, that taking melatonin to cure jet-lag and use it ‘fix’ my sleeping patterns when it’s really distorted could be beneficial. Maybe I as a person am more sensitive to melatonin and need less of it. I’m not touching it again anytime soon but would advise you to try it if you’re struggling to fall asleep as my partner has found it very beneficial in her life.
World Kidney Day is observed to raise the awareness of how important role kidney plays in our overall health status. World Kidney Day is a global Health campaign observed each year on the second Thursday of March. The day was first observed in 2006 by 66 countries and has not stopped ever since. The number was increased to 88 countries after two years in 2008.
First Ever World Kidney Day
Each year different Health organizations create events for the common man to get aware of kidney diseases and preventions and to realize the fact that kidney diseases are curable. The first-ever celebration of world Kidney day was initiated by the joint committee of “International Society of Nephrology and International Federation of Kidney Foundations”. The purpose of the day is to minimize the occurrence of kidney diseases by the adoption of precautions by common people and to look for new technologies of treatments.
3rd March is observed as World Hearing Day. It is observed to promote activities and actions to be taken on a community level to protect hearing. Hearing loss is the most sensory disability. According to WHO, over 275 million people are deaf or suffering from hearing loss. The day was first observed in 2007 in China. Before 2016, the day was known as “International Ear Care Day”. In 2017 it was renamed as “World Hearing Day by World Health Organization (WHO).
Theme of World Hearing Day 2018; “Hear the Future”
Each year WHO decides a theme for the World Hearing Day and prepare brochures, events accordingly. The theme of World Hearing Day 2017 was “Action for hearing loss”, in 2016 it was “Childhood hearing loss”. This year WHO has decided the theme to be “Hear the Future”. The purpose of this theme is to anticipate the increase in the number of people with hearing disability in the future. The focus is to highlight the hearing loss issue and prepare some preventive plans. The strategies will ensure that the hearing impaired people do have access to rehabilitation centers and are fully aware of the tools and products for the prevention and treatment.
It is time to show your employees that you care and value their input in your organisation. Here are some of the dos and don’ts in doing so.
The last working day of February is the Employee Appreciation Day. This year, it is marked on 2nd of March. And while there is no doubt that employers should value their staff every day of the year as compared to just one, this might just be the nudge leadership figures need to change their attitude in the workplace.
What is it?
The Employee Appreciation Day is not an official holiday by any means. It has nonetheless become increasingly popular in the corporate world where managers have accounted for the fact that many of their employees value more the recognition and empowerment of the individuals over the slight increase in the paycheck.
The Stats and Science on Employee Appreciation
For a good few decades now, both science and statistical surveys of workers provide us with irrefutable data on why and how actively and consistently showing your appreciation for your employees is vital for the sustainability of your organization.
Money vs corporate culture
According to a relatively recent Gallup survey, only 1 in 3 employees who feel engaged with the organization would consider leaving their current position for a similar job paying 20% more. This means that for 2/3 of the workforce, the size of the paycheck is not the only determinant for choosing a workplace. At the same time, more than half of the workers who do not feel involved with their organization would not think twice before moving on for the fifth increase in salary.
The need for appreciation
It is not about being insecure or about being needy! Humans are social creatures and our motivation to contribute to our society directly correlates to the feedback we get on our efforts. Only with positive feedback and the right type of incentivizing, can workers remain motivated and involved in their work. Fehr et al. reviewed in the journal Academy of Management the benefits of gratitude for both organizations and employees. And while everyone would be happy to be financially rewarded for their hard work, research data shows that the expression of gratitude when due and the presentations of opportunities to grow and further develop individual strengths is very highly valued among employees of various age groups.
How to tell if your employees are unhappy?
Some obvious signs can alert a manager that their employees do not feel sufficiently appreciated.
This is probably the most obvious sign that things in your organization are not optimized in a way that your employees feel like they matter. Some people like to challenge themselves with new projects, but the truth is that everyone feels uncomfortable and insecure when at a new position and it is exhausting for people to always be the novices. If your best experts still chose to leave at high rates, the existence of these opportunities to do so is not the only factor – your employee retention strategy is staling.
Lack of personal investment
Limited personal engagement and lack of new ideas are also very telling. If your employees do not feel motivated to brainstorm and discuss ways to organize and improve the performance of the company, it probably means that they do not put a second thought after they are done with the absolutely necessary personal activities. Passionate employees will come up with ideas and will be excited to share them, knowing they’d be at least considered by the team and management.
Isolation and lack of cooperation
Surprising for many managers still, is the fact that high performing employees would feel appreciated also when given the chance to share their effective practices with their colleagues. Top employees often have a vision for their organizations and are able to think strategically. They often also recognize the importance of the whole team performing to the best of their abilities. Thus, if your staff is not actively cooperating and people would rather finalize things on their own, you should be worried that they feel underappreciated and their opinions – unrecognized.
Know your employees
While finding a way to recognize and strengthen the involvement and personal investment of your employees in the organization is key, managers should be aware of the pitfalls of ineffective recognition programs.
You should ask yourself:
- Would your recognition program incentivize people to cooperate and collaborate, or will it divide and push towards unnecessary competition between colleagues in your teams?
- Is the organization of recreational events for your employees what would make them happy or will they feel forced to participate in events completely removing them from their comfort zones and look like they enjoy it?
- Would a monthly stamp ‘Employee of the month’ be really beneficial to anyone (including the winner)? Or is it better to give the chance to your top-performing people to choose how further develop in their field and provide them with support and mentorship in the process?
In the end, whichever method you decide to show your employees that you value them, make sure you stick with it. The continuous effort to show you care will pay off more than most other investments in your organization and it can cost you next to nothing. You can use the Employee Appreciation Day as an excuse to start a sort of reward program, but you should make sure that you don’t just go through the moves if you want your employees themselves to go the extra mile for your organization.
RSI is a condition in which the prolonged performance of repetitive actions, typically with the hands, causes pain or impairment of function in the muscles involved. It is also known as musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). It is the most common type of injuries related to workers. 28 February is the day devoted to raising awareness of these types of injuries. 2018 marks the 18th annual RSI awareness day.